Do not attempt to capture or feed feral cats. It is important to quickly and accurately identify rabies in animals that may have exposed a person or a pet, in order to provide for the timely administration of post-exposure treatment. Seek medical attention if bitten or scratched by a stray or wild animal. (19-20A-6). The virus is spread from exposure to saliva or nervous tissue from an infected animal, usually through a bite. <> Most states specify this is for dogs and cats, but a few states, such as Washington and Vermont, also … For this reason, rabies infection in vaccinated dogs/cats, even among those having received a single dose, is exceptionally rare. In Michigan, dogs and ferrets must be vaccinated for rabies. In animals, rabies is diagnosed by looking for the virus in brain tissue using the direct fluorescent antibody (DFA) test. Animal bites should be reported to the local health department. A dog or cat must be re-vaccinated at least every three years after receiving the second rabies shot. The below flowcharts determine what action is taken when a human or domestic pet animal is exposed to potential Rabies. How is rabies prevented once a person has been potentially exposed? Michigan law requires that dogs and ferrets must be vaccinated for rabies and it is recommended that all cats and any domestic livestock in contact with the public be vaccinated if a licensed vaccine exists. All dogs and cats … Required by law for all cats 12 weeks old and older. Do not approach, handle, feed, or unintentionally attract wild animals with food, open garbage cans or litter. In situations where a bat has been in close contact with people, if possible, safely confine the bat and contact your local health department to determine if it should be tested for rabies or can be let go. Rabies vaccination is required by law in most states and provinces. Feed pets indoors. In cats, rabies is most often transmitted through a bite from an infected animal, but it can also be passed on when the saliva of an infected animal enters the cat's body through mucous membranes or an open, fresh wound. It is illegal to keep wild animals as pets, and wild animals may not be kept except by persons who possess Wildlife Rehabilitation permits. Credit: Getty Images/iStockphoto Rabies vaccination of cats is important for your safety as well as your cats. A Republican lawmaker, who also is a veterinarian, has introduced a bill that would require cats to be vaccinated against the disease. Most exposures fall under two categories, bite and non-bite. Like dogs and small children, cats who are let outdoors without supervision are vulnerable to the dangers of cars, other animals, cruel people, and diseases. Laws regarding rabies vaccination of animals are not consistent throughout the United States. How Can I Prevent Being Exposed to Rabies? Rabies vaccine clinic Allegan County Animal Shelter is hosting a low-cost rabies vaccine and microchip clinic from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. Saturday, May 22, for dogs and cats. Dogs and cats in Michigan are required by law to have their rabies vaccinations. An animal control officer or a law enforcement officer of the state shall issue a citation, summons or appearance ticket for a violation of this act. What Pet Owners Need to Know About Rabies Vaccinations in New York State (Effective November 20, 2002, this information sheet must be provided by pet dealers to consumers upon point of sale of cats, d ogs, and ferrets.) During the month of January, I will be writing about topics related to dog and cat vaccination. Exposed dog/cat/ferret/livestock does NOT have current rabies vaccination 1. Learn about rabies in bats and other animals, how to prevent rabies, and what to do if bitten or scratched by an animal. However, any mammal can become infected if they are exposed. (Read more), To prevent rabies in a person that has potentially been exposed to rabies, a series of injections must be initiated and completed. Rabies vaccine is also recommended for all cats and any domestic livestock in contact with the public should be vaccinated if a licensed vaccine exists. If your pet is bitten by a wild animal, seek veterinary assistance immediately. What is rabies? If testing can be performed within a day or two of exposure, it may save a patient from unnecessary medical treatment and the associated financial burden, if the animal is not rabid. Please note, all suspected exposures must be reported to MDOL immediately. A routine vaccination schedule is important in keeping dogs and cats safe from many common canine and feline diseases. {����������� �2hrOp���t@�(��-t�]�_���/�g�μ�?�Oߟ�} ��t~6�� ��"��8�i)��?��.z��v�ۭ��9��z�;��1�ďa4IBc�� Samples of serum, cerebral spinal fluid, saliva, and skin are necessary. Vaccination is the only sure way to keep your cat from contracting rabies and, in many states, it is the law. (Read more). Rabies vaccines are very effective and are usually given to kittens at three to four months of age. Ifanimal is NOT available, must proceed as if positive You may also need to receive a tetanus booster if you have not been immunized in more than 10 years. 2. Rabies 1 year - $10. Michigan law, but is strongly recommended due to the predatory nature of cats). there is a licensed rabies vaccine . The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services Bureau of Laboratories is the only laboratory in Michigan that can test animals for rabies. These symptoms may last for days. How is rabies diagnosed in an animal or a person? State law requires rabies vaccinations (shots) for all cats… ���_���朎'&��O��F��*��� ���y4w��dp�`���a�z8C�\�2?���k{�A�-D4��&�M����E�@F�f`��+s�S"��n��2�KR�a5���3������`�e�͢����S������i�W?�&�Q������N��4Tuh�Z\�9� ��xhB�� �Z'"�R��QK�9X�2�Y;Q��;��ڀ�S�?�:9 DN���&:5�[ _k����[D���_�@jPv���Ri�Q�z��Ή {�ֲM%Q�@�Low� @!�K�6�}�g힆��v[��;l�B�ll,JL#�ִ�_LZQ��Zɺ]/Q�c _��������n>=�3xO��]4Q�x�l�I�B����x�P�HJ;����?MD�Ja�abF�q�s�5]�G'���b����(��@ԒtR��/\�}�S��GP��� :-��1J�6b�{2�@9��oRU�oˎ� Core vaccines for cats: Rabies – considered a core vaccine when required by law or wherever rabies is present; Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (FVR) – herpes virus; Feline Panleukopenia (FP) – feline distemper; Feline Calicivirus (FCV) Noncore vaccines are given to certain cats based on factors such as lifestyle, environment and general health. Michigan health officials confirm rabies in pet cat Health officials say pet owners should have their dogs and cats vaccinated against the rabies virus. The majority of reported cases occur in wild animals such as raccoons, skunks, bats, and foxes. Keep vaccinations up-to-date for all dogs, cats, ferrets, horses, cattle, and sheep. No single test is sufficient. Over time, symptoms that are more specific to brain dysfunction appear and may include difficulty sleeping, anxiety, confusion, hallucinations, agitation, partial paralysis, difficulty swallowing, and hydrophobia (fear of water). <>/Metadata 993 0 R/ViewerPreferences 994 0 R>> During 2000-2004, more cats than dogs were reported rabid in the United States. Rabies 3 year - $20. Though state law keeps dog owners on a relatively short leash, most Michigan cat owners have few legal obligations that they are required to meet. Rabies vaccination of cats is important for your safety as well as your cats. Keep vaccinations up-to-date for all dogs, cats, ferrets, horses, cattle, and sheep. Dogs and cats also need to have their DHPP and FVRCP vaccines, respectively. There is no post-exposure treatment available for animals. Vaccinating pets prevents them from getting rabies and is one of the most effective ways in preventing rabies exposure in people. <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> This vaccine is valid for 3 years instead of the usual 1. Rabies virus becomes noninfectious when it dries out or is exposed to sunlight. FVRCP Vaccination - $10 Rather, standard guidelines recommend giving the pet a rabies vaccine (booster) and having the animal observed by their owner for a period of 45 days. (19-20A-6). For Dogs: Core vaccines for dogs: Rabies: In Michigan, the rabies vaccination is legally required for all dogs over 4 months of age. Rabies is a fatal disease that is transmissible to any warm-blooded animal, including humans. Residents from any community may bring their dogs or cats to this clinic. In the U.S., all 50 states require vaccination for rabies. 3 0 obj NEVER adopt wild animals or bring them into your house. endobj (In addition to a dramatically lowered life expectancy, there is an increased risk of disease.) Rendered Wednesday, December 30, 2020 Page 1 Michigan Compiled Laws Complete Through PA 249 of 2020 Legislative Council, State of Michigan Courtesy of www.legislature.mi.gov Rabies can affect all mammals. Call animal control for assistance in these situations. endobj <> Is Rabies Vaccine 100 effective for dogs? Seek medical attention for any bite wound so that proper treatment can be initiated. This vaccine is valid for 3 years instead of the usual 1. Dogs, cats, and ferrets that are currently vaccinated with a USDA-licensed rabies vaccine should be revaccinated immediately, kept under the owner’s control, and observed for 45 days. Testing of animals that have potentially exposed people is available 7 days a week, and must be arranged through your local health department. Vaccination is important for keeping your pet from getting rabies, but it also provides a barrier of protection for you if a wild animal bites your pet. Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the application for a license shall be accompanied by a valid certificate of a current vaccination for rabies, with a vaccine licensed by the United States department of agriculture, signed by an accredited veterinarian. Hawaii's dog and cat import law is designed to protect residents, visitors and pets from the potentially serious health problems associated with the introduction and spread of rabies. In people, the symptoms initially include fever, headache, and general weakness or discomfort. (NOTE: Some localities throughout the state may have stricter local laws.) The usual approach is to test the kitten for feline leukemia at the time of initial vaccination to ensure the cat is not harboring the virus. •Euthanize and test dog/cat/ferret/livestock for rabies if it becomes ill, with signs suggestive of rabies, or dies during quarantine period. stream Rabies vaccines are very effective and are usually given to kittens at three to four months of age. In Michigan, the most common wildlife species to contract rabies are bats, accounting for 67% to 100% of the rabies cases in the state during the period 1990 to 2006. (Cats and dogs only) Consult the Michigan Department of A humane agent, an animal control officer or a law enforcement officer may ask an owner or keeper of a cat or dog to present proof of a certificate of rabies vaccination from the … Do not try to nurse unfamiliar sick animals to health. Minnesota, Kansas, and Ohio have no state law requiring pets to be vaccinated for rabies. Rabies is a preventable viral disease of mammals most commonly transmitted by a rabid animal bite. (1)shall, in the case of a cat or dog, release it to the owner or person charged with its care, provided the owner or person charged with the care of the animal provides proof of ownership, which may include a valid cat or dog license, registration, rabies inoculation certificate, or documentation from the owner's veterinarian that the cat or dog has received regular care from that veterinarian; 1. Testing of human samples must be coordinated through the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, and must be approved by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, where the specialized testing is performed. Rabies is a fatal virus that attacks the central nervous system. Rabies is a fatal disease that is transmitted through the saliva and affects the nervous system. Nonbite exposures rarely cause rabies, but such exposures should be evaluated to determine if rabies treatment is necessary to prevent rabies infection. Rabies disease in animals is similar to the disease in people. Rabies vaccine clinic Allegan County Animal Shelter is hosting a low-cost rabies vaccine and microchip clinic from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. Saturday, May 22, for dogs and cats. In Michigan, dogs and ferrets must be vaccinated for rabies. No treatment to prevent rabies is necessary. Rabies: vaccinations are recommended for cats 4 months or older. Animals are not considered immunized for at least 28 days after the initial or primary vaccination is administered. For example, anyone bringing a dog or cat into Ohio must show proof of rabies vaccinations. Video: What happens when a human gets rabies? "Love your own, leave other animals alone" is a good principle for children to learn. RABIES LAWS IN THE UNITED STATES as of 11/2014. Rabies can be prevented in pets and livestock through vaccination. Where can I find more information about rabies? Florida West’s F.S.A. •Within 96 hours of exposure: Rabies vaccine booster, and strict quarantine for 4 months for dogs and cats, 6 months for ferrets and livestock. State law requires rabies vaccinations (shots) for all cats… In the continental United States, rabies among dogs is reported sporadically in states where there is reported rabies in wildlife. It is most commonly transmitted when a rabid animal bites another animal or person. Rabies is spread when the virus is introduced into a bite wound, open cuts in skin, or onto mucous membranes such as the eyes, nose, or mouth. Whoever is the owner or keeper of a dog or cat in the commonwealth six months of age or older shall cause such dog or cat to be vaccinated against rabies by a licensed veterinarian using a licensed vaccine according to the manufacturer s directions, and shall cause such dog or cat to be revaccinated at intervals recommended by the manufacturer. Rabies virus is contained in the saliva or brain tissue of a rabid animal. Many wild and exotic species make poor pets. And, if a dog bites someone and is quarantined, Ohio law requires that it must be currently vaccinated against rabies before being released. the Michigan Compiled Laws as amended,), and Act 368 of the Public Acts of 1978, being Section 333.1101333.25211 of the Michigan Compiled La- ws, and Act 207 of the Public Acts of 1970, as amended, being 287.291 of the Michigan Compiled Laws- , constitute State Law for the regulation for dogs. ... Vaccination of dogs, cats, and ferrets is required by law. What are the signs of rabies in an animal? We have general guidelines, but your vet can help you determine the optimal rabies vaccination schedule. – The Michigan Department of Agriculture’s (MDA) State Veterinarian Dr. Steven Halstead today urged Michigan citizens to be pro-active and have their pets and livestock vaccinated against rabies and other diseases after confirmation that a horse in Lapeer County tested positive for rabies. Although pets often receive multiple vaccines, there is only one disease for which vaccination is required by law: RABIES.. Rabies Confirmed In Michigan Cat: What To Know - Birmingham, MI - In 2019, rabies has been verified in four bats, eleven skunks, and one cat in Oakland County. Tests to detect virus and antibodies produced by the body against rabies virus are used to make a diagnosis of rabies in a person. In addition, Multnomah County requires all cats to be vaccinated for rabies. The circumstances under which a bite happened are important and help to determine if rabies is a concern from the bite. A case of rabies has been confirmed in a pet cat in Michigan. Counties are placed under a 60-day quarantine when rabies is confirmed in a terrestrial animal such as a dog, cat, skunk, etc. In cats, they are panleukopenia, calicivirus, rhinotracheitis (herpesvirus), and rabies as required by law. Rabies is a deadly viral disease that infects the brain and spinal cord of mammals. In order for a dog or cat to be accepted at an animal hospital, veterinarian's office or boarding facility an owner or keeper of such animal shall show proof of current vaccination against rabies; provided however, that if a dog or cat has not been so vaccinated or such owner or keeper fails to show such proof the animal shall be vaccinated against rabies prior to being discharged if the animal's medical condition … The Board of Commissioners furthermore FVRCP Vaccination - $10 Bites by some animals, such as a bat, can be minor and difficult to detect. Rabies disease can be prevented however, with prompt treatment following possible exposure to the virus. Cޤp3ǀyL�y8��uF�{YgdU��p�xi���FI�_`�p>�, �� u��Ƙ;0� G��Y23�t"�0P,[0l��Q�M6i�u��(Y/W���/��+0��C>��24��-Ƿ���ظƚ_��}d�I�%�#��;���z�A�˩xk�U����M�-0�B*r���~,^�=bm �����w�g���{�;�� ��L �k������^Ə2��P�J���1��w&[�Bt��)ݦBX`�mm�i�`�I����V�`��4.�j�V;,�R^P_. A case of rabies has been confirmed in a pet cat in Michigan. 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