William died in 1884; he passed on his private possessions to the Duke of Cumberland. In August 1784 he hosted a secret diplomatic visit from Karl August, Duke of Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach (Goethe was a member of Karl August's entourage). Burgoyne was defeated in the Battles of Saratoga (1777), and his troops were taken captive as the Convention Army. p. 687. At the outbreak of the War of the First Coalition in the early summer of 1792, Ferdinand was poised with military forces at Coblenz. [14] The largest Patriot force, 7,000 men under the Rhinegrave of Salm, was quickly out-manoeuvred and forced to abandon Utrecht, which the Duke occupied on 16 September. George William was the second son of George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg.In 1648, he received Calenberg from his elder brother Christian Louis when Christian Louis inherited Lüneburg. He briefly ruled the state of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel from 1806 to 1807 and again from 1813 to 1815. Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (German: Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand; 9 October 1735 – 10 November 1806) was the Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and a military leader. [4][2] He received a rapturous welcome from the British people, thanks to his service with allied British troops during the war. In Paris, Louis XVI was generally believed to be in correspondence with the Austrians and Prussians already, and the republicans became more vocal in the early summer of 1792. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. On two occasions (1806 and 1818–19), her husband made serious efforts to divorce her on grounds of adultery, forming commissions of inquiry to indict her, and after he became king, he in fact caused the House of Lords to pass a bill of divorce citing adultery with an Italian commoner. Neither of them was disabled, but both of them had similar, disastrous trajectories in life. Obtenez des photos d'actualité haute résolution de qualité sur Getty Images Brunswick and Hanover should have been rejoined at that time, but Prussia had annexed the kingdom of Hanover in 1866 and now prevented the younger branch of the house of Brunswick from taking up the ducal crown. The royal family moved into the newly built Brunswick Palace. On 16 January 1764, Charles married Princess Augusta of Great Britain, eldest sister of King George III. He received an unusually wide and thorough education, overseen by his mother. Genealogy for William Raleigh Duke (1701 - 1775) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. interface language. His avowed aim was: to put an end to the anarchy in the interior of France, to check the attacks upon the throne and the altar, to reestablish the legal power, to restore to the king the security and the liberty of which he is now deprived and to place him in a position to exercise once more the legitimate authority which belongs to him. [3] Peace was restored in 1763. She looked very simple, like a vicar's wife, has I am sure many admirable qualities, and is very respectable, but completely lacks manners. In April 1808, his mother, Princess Marie of Baden 1782–1808, died shortly after giving birth to a stillborn daughter when Charles was only three years old. ; 30 October 1804 – 18 August 1873), ruled the Duchy of Brunswick from 1815 until 1830. He is accommodating but a poor thing, loves his consort to the point of worship, and is completely governed by her. [20] However Kellerman's forces outflanked him by advancing up the Rhine, recapturing French possessions there. ... Brunswick County, Province of Virginia. The structure of the high command has been particularly criticised by historians, with multiple officers developing differing plans and then disagreeing on which should be followed, leading to disorganisation and indecision. Both were decisive victories over the French, during which he proved himself an excellent subordinate commander. He ruled first over the Principality of Calenberg, a subdivision of the duchy, then over the Lüneburg subdivision. (Reguidit frae William, Duke of Brunswick) William, Duke o Brunswick (Wilhelm August Ludwig Maximilian Friedrich; 25 Aprile 1806 – 18 October 1884), wis ruling duke o the Duchy of Brunswick … Initially the Duke intended to winter in the fortress of Verdun, before resuming the campaign in France the following spring. After the Girondins had arranged for France to declare war on Austria, voted on April 20, 1792, the Catholic Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II and the Protestant King of Prussia Frederick William II had combined armies and put them under Brunswick's command. He succeeded his father as sovereign prince of the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, one of the princely states of the Holy Roman Empire. Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Calenberg. [3] During their travels the couple also met Pietro Nardini[5] and in 1767 the prince had his portrait painted by Pompeo Batoni. "[10] Nevertheless, he was married in 1790 to Frederika of Orange-Nassau, daughter of William V, Prince of Orange, a gentle, good-hearted woman who remained devoted to him to the end. The Duke's forces entered the Netherlands on 13 September and occupied Nijmegen that day. Three of their four sons suffered from major debilities. 65 relations. William V was restored to power, which he was to hold until 1795. Frederick and Augusta also had three daughters, two of whom reached adulthood. Encyclopædia Britannica. Charles William Ferdinand (German: Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand, Fürst und Herzog von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel) (October 9, 1735 – November 10, 1806), Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, was a sovereign prince of the Holy Roman Empire, and a professional soldier who served as a Generalfeldmarschall of the Kingdom of Prussia. Prussia did not take part in the Second Coalition or Third Coalition against Revolutionary France. His death caused a constitutional crisis for Brunswick that lasted until the accession of Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick, the son of the Crown Prince of Hanover, in 1913. The visit was disguised as a family visit, but was in fact to discuss the formation of a league of small- and mid-sized German states as a counterbalance within the Holy Roman Empire to Habsburg Monarchy's ambitions to trade the Austrian Netherlands for the Electorate of Bavaria. He sponsored enlightenment arts and sciences; most notably he was patron to the young mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauss, paying for him to attend university against the wishes of Gauss' father. However, having let the manifesto bear his signature, he had to bear the full responsibility for its consequences. Much of the country was in open revolt against William, whose personal troops were unable to quell the Patriot militias and the various Dutch provinces refused to aid him. The duke was frequently engaged in diplomatic and other state affairs. He died childless at the age of 40 in 1806, shortly before his father. As such, they were not related in a particularly close degree, yet there had been many bonds of marriage between the House of Brunswick-Bevern and the House of Hanover, themselves both branches of the House of Welf. He joined the allied north-German forces of the Hanoverian Army of Observation, whose task was to protect Hanover (in personal union with the Kingdom of Great Britain) and the surrounding states from invasion by the French. Equivalent in 2019 to £11,400,000 and £430,000 per year respectively. Autres résolutions : 193 × 240 pixels | 578 × 720 pixels. [11] The Convention Army was kept in captivity until the war ended in 1783. Under the terms of this treaty, Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel supplied 4,000 troops for service with the British armies in America, under the command of general Friedrich Adolf Riedesel. Unidentified painter Description: 16th-century portrait painting of men, with Unspecified, Unidentified or Inconnu artist and location. [3] He brought Brunswick into close alliance with the king of Prussia, for whom he had fought in the Seven Years' War; he was a Prussian field marshal, and was at pains to make the regiment of which he was colonel a model one.[3]. 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