Belarus has the least employee-friendly employment system in Europe, which strips workers of any protection in their relations with employers. While Belarus still maintains features from its socialist history as part of the Soviet Union, it lost other socialist features during and after the USSR’s collapse. We examine what this means for (a) its place in the world economy, (b) its place in the transition from capitalism to socialism/communism and (c) its conflict with the US. Unlike the other former Soviet republics, Belarus preserved socialist symbols and statues throughout the country. Belarus boasts a favourable geographical location. The Belarusian democracy movement erupted after Lukashenko claimed 80 percent of the vote over 10 percent for Tichanovskaya. At the same time there are very few low-cost hostels anywherein the country (only in Minsk and Brest). The only political party that Lukashenko ever belonged to was the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Parker adds, “Communist and socialist governments the world over have always had literacy and education programmes as core principles. China is run by a Communist Party but describes itself as socialist, while the employer/employee structure of its enterprises is capitalist. They further complicated the visa procedure. According to Parker, “Lukashenko’s positive opinion of the USSR, as well as the preservation of Soviet national holidays and a rejection of nationalism, have all found favor with the older generation.”. Yauheni Preiherman is Policy Director of the Discussion and Analytical Society Liberal Club in Minsk. The European Myth of Belarusian Socialism. The ruling elite inherited its power from the Soviet state and did not have to struggle for it. After the Russian authorities outlawed casinos across almost the whole country, Belarus was quick to offer its service. And from time to time the police crackdown on networks of the sex business. Pro-Western, anti-Semitic Ukrainian nationalists, including pro-fascist elements inside the “Maidan movement,” carried out this coup. The people have some legitimate grievances against Lukashenko, especially regarding his response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Corporate media reports that Tikhanovskaya fled to Lithuania on Aug 11. A 1999 presidential decree effectively made much of the Labour Code a dead letter and launched a massive compulsory introduction of temporary contracts to strengthen authoritarian consolidation in the country. Their websites often do not have English language sections. The workers must take control of the urgently-needed resources, which are created by their own labor, as part of an international struggle to take power and build socialism. This transforms the country into a kind of sweatshop, common in the developing world with cheap and docile labour force, minimal regulations and full freedom of action for employers. Have Belarusians Always Used the Cyrillic Alphabet? Moreover, the very fact that some services are still free does not make a country a socialist – otherwise most EU countries would be socialist. At the time, Lukashenko warned the people of Belarus about such a movement developing there. Please use the respective subcategories, if existing. Another Achilles heel of the Belarusian tourist industry is the “visa wall”. And even these students will have to work for two years for very small wages to compensate for their "free education". The short list includes 25 states which violate the rights in the most grave and systematic manner and Belarus has belonged to this group for almost a decade. Classic editor History Talk (0) Socialism : This category collects individuals, organizations, publications, events and other topics that are relevant to Socialism in Belarus. Siarhei Bohdan is an associate analyst at the Ostrogorski Centre. According to the director of the tourist company BelarusTurService Hennadzi Leushyn, about 80 per cent of tourists come from Russia. Belarusian life expectancy is higher than in all former Soviet states with the exception of Georgia.”, Imperialist threats to sovereignty and stability. Ukraine’s Maidan movement encourages a pro-fascist coup. In 1941 it became the flag of the Nazi occupation administration, and it appeared on arm patches of Belarusian volunteers in the German Army and Waffen SS. Invaders from Asia, among whom were the Huns and Avars, swept through c. 400–600 AD, but were unable to dislodge the Slavic presence. Socialism in Belarus. If the authorities really want to turn Belarus into a popular tourist destination the latest visa amendments look utterly strange. Their president has been in power for more than 25 years, ever since the Soviet Union fell, and his prior job was managing a socialist collective farm. These states are the following: For the rest of the world Belarusian visas are quite costly. The Bolsheviks created a puppet Soviet government of Belarus in Smolensk. In 1917, Vladimir Lenin and Anatoly Lunacharsky held a competition to create a Soviet emblem. The government ignores most of the ILO's recommendations. Despite frequent declarations, the government have failed to create even basic tourist infrastructure in Belarus. Belarus’s government has its contradictions. Belarus’s government has its contradictions. Western tourists are still very rare. “Maternity leave in Belarus is also extended to those who adopt babies. Without a socialist alternative emerging from the mass movement the country risks becoming a pawn in the struggles between the larger economic powers. Yet it is still improbable, since such a step will lead to radical changes in the economic model of the regime. This allows the employer to fire them without explanation after the contract expires. Bad infrastructure and visa routine do not stop sex visitors. The ideology-free elite wishes to preserve its power without embarking on high-minded idealistic abstractions. Because of the uncontrolled border with Russia it is difficult to assess the exact number of tourists that come to Belarus, but the estimate for 2011 is around 750,000. 100 Years Later: Some Lessons of the Great Bolshevik Revolution, Fascist violence and the form of the state, No fascist coup! The same flag was also flown by Belarusian counterrevolutionaries during the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s. Just business. The Belarusian government declared many times its plans to privatise state-owned enterprises. A special commission confirmed these violations of workers' rights. For example, there are only 34 hotels in the whole country that are certified according to international standards. However, the industry thrives. Last weekend, the Party of the European Left held a conference in Minsk. But they exist as remnants of Soviet times and are gradually being dismantled as the government gradually cuts costs. Belarusian Social Democrat Anatol Sidarevic pointed out that “Lukashenka with his rhetoric has been and, may be still, considered almost a Socialist.” Belarusian journalists and activists express similar views. The government may dictate any labour conditions it wishes. Print subscriptions will still be extended in consideration of the temporary suspension of printing and the currently more limited print schedule. It is extremely hard to identify an ideological affiliation of the Belarusian ruler. This is not surprising, since Belarus has an open border with its eastern neighbour and even no passport control. To put it in a comparative perspective, the capital of Lithuania, Vilnius — a relatively small city with the population of 540,000 — alone annually attracts more than 1.5 million tourists. This system demonstrates merely that the regime only avoids the reforms to maintain control, not that Lukashenka is bringing the nation to socialism. Mostly though I would have these icy streets to myself; and when I did get into conversations, many of the people I spoke with turned out to be Russian tourists, migrants or retirees. This is in stark contrast to the decline in public service spending in the other former Soviet republics. Her supporters and other opponents of the government from various centrist and right-wing parties, poured into the streets to denounce Lukashenko. It has always needed to simply preserve the existing order. In the book “The Last Soviet Republic: Alexander Lukashenko’s Belarus,” author Stewart Parker argues that Lukashenko’s mass popularity and electoral success derive from his tight connection with the former Soviet Union. Lukashenka exploits Russian Communists to get leverage in the Kremlin, supported Polish populist Lepper to take revenge on Poland for its support of the Belarusian opposition and befriended Hugo Chavez for good money. This high-profile event can boost the country’s tourist industry, as the authorities promise visa-free travel for all Westerners. Interestingly, nationals of only 19 states can enter Belarus without visas (however, there are specific regulations for each state). As a result, in 2011 1576 so-called agro-manors stood ready to accommodate agro-tourists. An interview with Dmitry Kosmachev, a member of the Minsk Socialist Circle, about the situation in Belarus, the current protests, and where they may lead. Some write about socialism in Belarus, and others call Lukashenka “a spontaneous socialist” or even a social democrat. Rob Jones, Sotsialisticheskaya Alternativa (ISA in Russia) At the time of writing, protests in Belarus against the obvious falsification of the results of Sunday’s Presidential election seem to be spreading, and are meeting with increasing repression. However, the statistics show that the country receives miserable numbers of visitors. in World — by Stephen Shenfield — November 15, 2020 An interview conducted by Stephen Shenfield of the World Socialist Party of the United States with Dmitry Kosmachev, a … In autumn of 1919, Nikolai Yudenich's advance on Petrograd was checked, whilst in the far north the Evgeny Miller's army was pushed into the Arctic. Everyone who has money and wishes for some sexual entertainment knows where to look for it. He is known for contradictory statements such as "market socialism" and these do not help to understand much about the ideological underpinnings of the regime. belarus socialism. It will be the most high-profile sporting event in the country’s sovereign history. Nothing but the holding of free and fair elections in Belarus is acceptable. No doubt, it will give a boost to the tourist industry. Lukashenka has much more in common with Ferdinand Marcos of the Philippines and Asian despots  than with Fidel Castro or leftist Latin American rulers. In fact, opportunism is the only suitable term to denote the current Belarusian system. Several years ago Alexander Lukashenka demanded that Belarus should become a popular destination for tourists from around the world who would bring in lots of hard currency. With no significant strikes or other forms of industrial action, Belarus may be a paradise for any investor shrewd enough to cut a deal with Lukashenka. They provided tax and other incentives for those entrepreneurs who wanted to invest in agro-ecotourism. Anti-imperialists and revolutionaries inside the U.S. must oppose any U.S. involvement in other countries’ affairs. More than 100,000 … The same lack of ideological preoccupation shapes Belarus' foreign policy. Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin congratulated Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko on his reelection Aug. 9. https://belarusdigest.com/story/cartoon-fields/. While the Belarusian authorities are talking about the prospects of sex tourism, the inflow of foreign tourists in general remains low. Seriously fanatical communists or hard-core adepts of socialist ideology find themselves in unimportant positions. Edit. I wanted to see past the Socialist Modernism of Minsk, the hammers and sickles, the Brutalist towers, and get a glimpse of the Real Belarus. A revolutionary socialist transformation in Belarus could indeed be a spark for spontaneous movements across the globe to forge parties with socialist programmes and leadership and link up internationally. And it is not surprising, therefore, that even officials have started talking about this business in public, like a deputy Minister of Sports and Tourism did on state television a week ago. Moreover, on 31 May the government amended the national visa rules. What are socialist perspectives on Belarus? Belarus has continued in this tradition. In 2011, state-owned enterprises earned almost two-thirds of the profits. In Belarus, 70% of workers are employed by the state, according to The Heritage Foundation’s 2020 Index of Economic Freedom. The Rada of the Belarusian Democratic Republic exists as a government in exile since then. Now that the amendments are in force only residents of the countries with no Belarusian consulates can apply for visas after they arrive at Minsk-2 airport. Cimmerians and other pastoralists roamed through the area by 1,000 BC, and by 500 AD, Slavs had taken up residence, which was circumscribed by the Scythians who roamed its outskirts. Lukashenka's Regime: Neither Left, Nor Right, and Nor Centre. By Otis Grotewohl posted on August 17, 2020. Independence from the USSR 50.8 per cent of all personnel of Belarusian enterprises except for those employed by small business. Tikhanovskaya’s spouse, Sergei Tikhanovsky, initially intended to run against Lukashenko, but he was disqualified and arrested for participating in illegal, anti-government activities. None of the regime's key figures, such as Uladzimir Makey or Mikhail Myasnikovich, display any socialist sentiments. Fight back with workers’ power, Declaración del Workers World Party/Partido Mundo Obrero. There are some real signs which make the Belarusian regime look socialist. The health, education and welfare systems are probably the most positive aspects of the Belarusian state. And a German national €60. We recommend that subscribers with internet access get our free email subscription and share our articles with your contacts and on social media. These are crucial days for the Belarusian working class in getting rid of the rule of a dictator and of the oligarchs who have acquired state industries to accumulate profit for themselves. Later, the ILO repeatedly defined Belarus as a grave violator of trade unions' rights, but to no avail. Visa regimes considerably complicate both incoming and outgoing tourism. Internet images have shown many of the demonstrators waving the anti-Communist red and white flag used by the Byelorussian Central Council, which collaborated with German Nazi occupiers from 1943 until 1944. Now Belarusian workers and youth need a socialist alternative to organise opposition. 10 member states of the Commonwealth of Independent States (excluding Turkmenistan). In 2014 a NATO-sponsored coup succeeded in overthrowing Ukrainian President Victor Yanukovych. In 2014 Belarus will host the ice hockey World Championship. But the combination of a disintegrating welfare system, dismantled state-run services, a five-year wage freeze and skyrocketing prices were too much for them to stand. The people of Belarus have long been daunted due to brutal retaliation by the state. Although the ruling elite is not homogenous, disagreements between various factions inside the ruling regime usually do not happen along ideological lines. This is how the deputy Minister of Sports and Tourism Cheslau Shulha recently answered a question about the growing sex industry in Belarus on a state TV channel. Shortly after protests started, demonstrators violently clashed with the police. At first glance, Belarus may appear to be a Communist state thanks to its overt fondness of the Soviet Union and its soviet-red tinged state flag. Some write about socialism in Belarus, and others call Lukashenka “a spontaneous socialist” or even a social democrat. What is clear, however, is that Lukashenko’s opposition welcomes support from the pro-fascist Maidan movement in Ukraine and from U.S. imperialism. All education is free, including higher education. According to some insider sources, special sex tours to Belarus are regularly organised from certain Western European states and Turkey. One of them was the development of agro-ecotourism. According to statistics published by the state-controlled trade union FPB two years ago, 35 per cent of contracts were established for 3-5 years, 31 per cent – for 1-3 years and 30 per cent – for one year. in six languages (Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Georgian, Armenian and Azerbaijani). Only 20 per cent of tourists (about 150,000) came from the rest of the world in 2011. The people have some legitimate grievances against Lukashenko, especially regarding his response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Their president has been in power for more than 25 years, ever since the Soviet Union fell, and his prior job was managing a socialist collective farm. Officially, Belarusian legislation prohibits prostitution. Opposition protest in Minsk, Belarus August 2020 (Click to enlarge) Clare Doyle, Committee for a Workers' International (CWI) For the fourth Sunday in succession, on September 6 there were mass protests across Belarus. They play almost no social or labour protection role. Otherwise Belarus will largely remain a sex sanctuary for westerners and a gambling destination for Russians. Unlike the other former Soviet Republics, Belarus displays symbolism of the former Soviet Union (USSR). That said, Belarus has a very mixed economy. Are Belarusians fundamentally rural Orthodox Christians? Of course, not all of them were profitable. This kind of service is available for tourists in most hotels as well as in a number of special clubs. The Socialist International calls on its members around the world to demand the immediate release of Mikalai Statkevich and others jailed these past days. Belarus: Mass opposition continues to defy repression by Lukashenko's regime. In the past, the European Left has also expressed solidarity with the Belarusian government on a national level in some European countries and in Germany. Previously, all foreigners could get visas upon arrival at Minsk-2 airport. Is inequality a serious problem in Belarus? While Belarus still maintains features from its socialist history as part of the Soviet Union, it lost other socialist features during and after the USSR’s collapse. Similarly, more and more services in hospitals are no longer free. Belarus mostly attracts Russian citizens who come to rest at health resorts or gamble in casinos. The authorities were hoping that Belarusian villages, with their rural traditions and beautiful nature, would appeal to hundreds of thousands of foreigners who prefer quiet rest to city sightseeing. This year, the ILO put Belarus on the “long” and “short” list of states violating rights of trade unions. USSR-era socialist art in Minsk, Belarus, in February 2019. state trade unions are already massively leaving. Lukashenko’s reelection was the sixth one since 1994, when he also won 80% of the popular vote. Belarusian Social Democrat Anatol Sidarevic pointed out that “Lukashenka with his rhetoric has been and, may be still, considered almost a Socialist.” Belarusian journalists and activists express similar views. Many of them believe that the Belarusian regime shares their ideology. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Workers World suspended printing and mailing of the newspaper on March 19. In addition, remains from the Dnieper-Donets culture were found in Belarus and parts of Ukraine. Washington’s policies aim at instability in Belarus. But in fact the Soviet-looking facade of the Belarusian regime is deceptive. Strategic position Belarus and Imperialism’s agenda By Gerry Downing 02/12/2020 by socialistfight The protesters in Belarus flying the flag of the pro-imperialist Belarusian National Republic of 1918-19. The winning design was a hammer and sickle on top of a globe in rays of the sun, surrounded by a wreath of grain and under a five-pointed star, with the inscription "proletarians of the world, unite!" In a recent study, World Bank experts argue that the state production conglomerates let the government hide the losses of some enterprises among profits made by others. Many Russians come to Belarus to use its growing gambling industry. The Belarusian economy equals state. This makes the Belarus opposition similar to the pro-capitalist protesters in Hong Kong, which U.S. imperialist politicians and Western white supremacists embrace. Much like Russia, Belarus is a repressive state that makes a mockery of even liberal democracy, keeping some Soviet trappings and customs while abandoning the USSR's egalitarianism. Yet, there was not a single serious ideological project undertaken by the Belarusian government abroad. Moreover, the Russians, unlike Westerners, have no language problems in Belarus, where the majority of the population speak Russian as their first language. Perhaps the only sort of incoming tourism from western countries that is developping in Belarus despite any difficulties is sex tourism. Years for very small wages to compensate for their `` free education.! Makey or Mikhail Myasnikovich, display any socialist sentiments implement various state projects boost... Lukashenko 's regime: Neither Left, Nor Right, and Nor Centre industry and free creativity of entrepreneurs bureaucratic... 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