there are more/fewer/as many-much [thing/s] than/as [other thing/s]. Tenses of the Impératif One common use of the French present participle, as you may have already guessed, is the gerund. You do not understand this lesson anymore. E.g: Je mange moins que mon père = I eat less than my father. tout au plus: at the very most In this lesson, I’m going to point out mnemotechnic ways to memorize them, but mostly I am offering you a deeper understanding of the logic behind this grammatical behavior. To express that someone (or thing) is the one out of so many, the superlative always includes the definite article the. The French equivalents are aussi and autant. The names can be misleading because not all conditionals include a verb in the conditional. Si clauses, also known as conditionals or conditional sentences, are if-then constructions that express a condition to be met in order for a certain result to occur. : Il y a + plus/moins/autant de [chose/s] + que de [chose/s], Plus... plus..., moins... moins... = the more...the more..., the less...the less... (comparisons with phrases)Better and better, worse and worse = de mieux en mieux, de pire en pire (comparisons)De plus en plus and de moins en moins = more and more and less and less (comparisons with adjectives, adverbs, verbs)De plus en plus de and de moins en moins de = more and more and less and less (comparisons of nouns)Making comparisons with adjectives: plus... que, aussi... que, moins... queMaking comparisons with adverbs: plus... que, aussi... que, moins... queMaking comparisons with verbs: plus que, autant que, moins que, Le, la, les plus and le, la, les moins = the most and the least (superlatives of adjectives)Meilleur, mieux, pire / plus mauvais, plus mal = better, best, worse and worst (irregular comparatives and superlatives)Le plus and le moins = the most and the least (superlative of adverbs)Forming the superlative of adjectives in complex cases, Want to make sure your French sounds confident? This last one is rarely used in contemporary French. Though it looks similar to the ne ... pas (not) structure, there are some differences in the way to use it.. The simplest comparison is with adjectives: just put plus, moins, or aussi in front of the adjective. L’infinitif. Plus j'écoute, moins je l'aime The more I listen, the less I like it Notice that expressions like the more X the more Y are similar in French, but the definite article (the) doesn't make an appearance. French has multiple future tenses, and just like in English, they’re used when referring to events that haven’t occurred yet – things that will take place anytime in l’avenir (the future).The indicative tense forms of the future tense are also sometimes used to express other things, such as:. Start your Braimap today ». I had tried many times. You put 'ne' (or n' when before a vowel or a silent 'h') before the verb and 'plus' after the verb. Note that when " plus " has a negative meaning (no more), you don't pronounce the final 's', except when you do the liaison with a vowel following ('z' sound) Note that ne is always placed in front of the verb.. Moins que = less than. We construct the superlative by using le/la/les plus + adjective or le/la/les moins + adjective. Il ne veut plus venir avec nous. When to Use the Future Tenses. I'm getting more and more tired. We’ll map your knowledge and give you free lessons to focus on your I had offered to help. In English, we refer to it as the past perfect and it is a combo of the perfect tense and the past tense (using the auxiliary ‘had’). de sa vie / The worse adventure of his life — le with an adverb When to use le passif in French. Note also that in French you keep the order of the sentence intact, unlike English where you put the adjective after more for example, The more anxious you are... See also Better and better, worse and worse = de mieux en mieux, de pire en pire (comparisons), De plus en plus and de moins en moins = more and more and less and less (comparisons with adjectives, adverbs, verbs) and De plus en plus de and de moins en moins de = more and more and less and less (comparisons of nouns), Making comparisons with adjectives: plus... que, aussi... que, moins... queMaking comparisons with adverbs: plus... que, aussi... que, moins... queMaking comparisons with verbs: plus que, autant que, moins queMaking comparisons with nouns: plus de... que, moins de... que, autant de... que, Le, la, les plus and le, la, les moins = the most and the least (superlatives of adjectives)Le plus and le moins = the most and the least (superlative of adverbs)Forming the superlative of adjectives in complex casesMeilleur, mieux, pire / plus mauvais, plus mal = better, best, worse and worst (irregular comparatives and superlatives), Want to make sure your French sounds confident? I am not a native French speaker, so you should take these three points with a grain of salt. A simple way to remember this is by thinking that the positive sense of the word has an extra sound, … Most French sentences are formed in la voix active (the active voice). He had arrived. It is basically used in French the same way we use it in English. To express "not any more / no longer" in French, you use "ne... plus". I want to learn French in order to have more than one string to my bow. In the following pages you can find explanations and examples for each of the French tenses. Comparing Adjectives. He knows fewer Italian poems than Spanish [ones]. In general you won't be misunderstood if you just always translate past perfect with plus-que-parfait and vice versa. Pierre is not simply more intelligent than the other kids in his class, he is the most intelligent in the school (le plus intelligent de l’école). The ambulance drives the injured man to the hospital. The default language is the one your device is using (the device you use to stream Disney Plus). Its English equivalent is “had” and the past participle. The plus‐que‐parfait (the pluperfect) indicates that an action had taken place and had been completed before another past action took place. The French adverb plus has different pronunciations, depending on how it's used. plus noun, adverb. The adjective’s ending agrees with the noun it is describing. And remember that de becomes d' in front of a vowel or mute h. Whereas in English, you will need to use a subject pronoun after than (... than I (do), you (do), he/she (does)...), in French you will once again use the stress pronoun after que (... que moi, toi, lui/elle, nous, vous, eux/elles). Examples include phrases like tous les jours ( often imperfect) and plusieurs fois (generally passé composé). aller de plus en plus vite: to go faster and faster: au plus: at the most: Tu as une heure au plus. une fois de plus: once more: Allons-y une fois de plus. Grammarians insist that two negatives make a positive. Definite articles for French superlatives — le if the noun the adjective refers to is singular and masculine Le plus grand arbre (sing., masc.) gaps and mistakes. more, most, further, plus, any. They focus on who or what is performing the action, i.e., the subject of the sentence.. gaps and mistakes. Note that to compare nouns, you will use comparative words as follows: Note that in all three forms, de is required before the noun. as soon as possible. Propositions conditionnelles. When it is used as a negative adverb (meaning "no more"), it is usually pronounced [ploo]. Comparisons in French. le plus tôt sera le mieux adverb. the earliest would be best, the sooner the better. Plus que = more than. In French, a good way to know if you have to use the subjunctive is if the word que is lurking somewhere nearby.Even though it has several meanings and functions not connected with the subjunctive, this word is so closely tied to the mood that you’ll sometimes see it included with the subjunctive in verb conjugation tables.. Que can set off a phrase where the subjunctive must be used … The plus‐que‐parfait is the compound form of the imparfait (imperfect) and is formed by using the imperfect of the appropriate helping verb, avoir or être (have or be) and the participe passé (past participle) of the verb. Much like how you can’t say “gooder than” or “the goodest” in English, you can’t say plus bon or le plus bon in French. Notice that to express restriction (only), we use the restrictive structure ne... que.. This tense is usually used together with another past tense (such as the imparfait , the passé composé or the passé simple ) and establishes the order of events: the action expressed in the plus-que-parfairt always occurred before the action expressed by the other … He doesn't want to come with us anymore. Je joue plus que mon frère = I play more than my brother. Making comparisons with nouns (I have more books than he [does], as opposed to I'm taller than he [is]) is different than making comparisons with adjectives, verbs or adverbs. The French expression moi non plus (pronounced [mwa no(n) plu]) expresses agreement with a negative statement.It's the equivalent of the English statement "me neither" or "neither do I." Marie has as many clothes as her mother (does). Notice that expressions like the more X the more Y are similar in French, but the definite article (the) doesn't make an appearance. Tu ne comprends plus cette leçon. Start your Braimap today ». You can't record your voice anymore. The grammar involved in using comparative adverbs is slightly different depending on whether you’re comparing adjectives, adverbs, nouns, or verbs. Q: When is the pluperfect used in French? de la forêt / The greatest tree in the forest — la if the noun the adjective refers to is singular and feminine La pire aventure (sing., fem.) Three past forms, which are the imparfait (imperfect), passé (past) and plus-que-parfait (pluperfect). For example: Tu n' as plus de chance ! The plus‐que‐parfait is the compound form of the imperfect and is formed by using the imperfect of the appropriate helping verb ( avoir or être) + the past participle of the verb.Its English equivalent is “had” + past participle: How to pronounce "Plus" in French http://www.frenchspanishonline.com/magazine/?p=6215 Note that moi can be replaced by a name, a noun, or another stressed pronoun: Note : when the verb begins with a vowel, use n' instead of ne. Meilleur, mieux, pire / plus mauvais, plus mal = better, best, worse and worst (irregular comparatives and superlatives) Le plus and le moins = the most and the least (superlative of adverbs) Forming the superlative of adjectives in complex cases However, as in English where you can move only in front of the element it's restricting, in French you will place que accordingly: The more I watch television, the more I hate it. Comparisons + Adjectives: Adjectives still need to agree with the word they are describing. Let's go there one more time. Il n’y en a plus (often yen a plus in spoken French) There isn’t any more “Plus” precedes an adjective starting with a consonant in a comparison If “plus” is used in a comparison and precedes an adjective starting with a consonant, it’s silent. There are more girls than boys in my class. The more beautiful you are, the easier life is, Kwiziq French is a product of and © Kwiziq Ltd 2021, Making comparisons with adjectives: plus... que, aussi... que, moins... que, Making comparisons with nouns: plus de... que, moins de... que, autant de... que, Meilleur, mieux, pire / plus mauvais, plus mal = better, best, worse and worst (irregular comparatives and superlatives), Supérieur à, inférieur à (irregular comparatives), Moi, toi, lui, elle, nous, vous, eux, elles (advanced stress pronouns), Better and better, worse and worse = de mieux en mieux, de pire en pire (comparisons), De plus en plus and de moins en moins = more and more and less and less (comparisons with adjectives, adverbs, verbs), De plus en plus de and de moins en moins de = more and more and less and less (comparisons of nouns), Making comparisons with adverbs: plus... que, aussi... que, moins... que, Making comparisons with verbs: plus que, autant que, moins que, Le, la, les plus and le, la, les moins = the most and the least (superlatives of adjectives), Le plus and le moins = the most and the least (superlative of adverbs), Forming the superlative of adjectives in complex cases. The subjonctif contains four tenses and one has not been in use in spoken French for a very long time (but you can still find it in older literature): One present form. How to form superlatives in French Le superlatif expresses the highest degree of a quality. You will also never repeat the verb (do/am/have) afterwards: When expressing there are more/fewer/as many-much [thing/s] than/as [other thing/s], you need to add de after que, e.g. Example: L’ambulance conduit le blessé à l’hôpital. It literally translates to "me no more" and its register is normal. Kwiziq French is a product of and © Kwiziq Ltd 2021, Job titles differ depending on whether you're a man or a woman (nouns), Nouns that change meaning depending on whether they're masculine or feminine, Most nouns take an -s in the plural unless they already end in -s, -x, -z, Making comparisons with adjectives: plus... que, aussi... que, moins... que, Plus... plus..., moins... moins... = the more...the more..., the less...the less... (comparisons with phrases), Better and better, worse and worse = de mieux en mieux, de pire en pire (comparisons), De plus en plus and de moins en moins = more and more and less and less (comparisons with adjectives, adverbs, verbs), De plus en plus de and de moins en moins de = more and more and less and less (comparisons of nouns), Making comparisons with adverbs: plus... que, aussi... que, moins... que, Making comparisons with verbs: plus que, autant que, moins que, Le, la, les plus and le, la, les moins = the most and the least (superlatives of adjectives), Meilleur, mieux, pire / plus mauvais, plus mal = better, best, worse and worst (irregular comparatives and superlatives), Le plus and le moins = the most and the least (superlative of adverbs), Forming the superlative of adjectives in complex cases. You have an hour at the most. Disney Plus supports many devices, including computers, smartphones, streaming boxes, … When to use the plus-que-parfait in French We use the plus-que-parfait to talk about an action that occurred before another action in the past. There are 10 indicative verb tenses in French grammar, but some of these are restricted to written language. de plus en plus: more and more: Je deviens de plus en plus fatigué. We’ll map your knowledge and give you free lessons to focus on your You may think that English is the default language for Disney Plus, but that’s not true. Note that while ne is always before the verb, pas and non plus can be separated in the sentence, and non plus placed before OR after the object of the verb: Je ne regarde pas non plus la … Generally speaking, when plus has a positive meaning (e.g., more, extra, additional) it is pronounced [ploos]. Je veux apprendre le français pour avoir plus d'une corde à mon arc. au plus tôt adverb. Vous ne pouvez plus enregistrer votre voix. As we already mentioned, it’s formed using the French present participle (-ant) preceded by en in order to show cause and effect and describe two actions happening at the same time. Be aware, however, that bon is only irregular in the superior form—you can say moins bon (less good). Some examples in English: She had fallen. Click on the link to be taken to the topic, then put your knowledge to the test in the free exercises. - How to Use "Plus" in French Very few short French words are as confusing as plus, because it can be either a superlative adjective or an adverb and which, indeed, can mean either “more” or “no more”, depending on the context, its position in a sentence, and the way it is pronounced. Instead, use the word meilleur in the comparative and le meilleur in the superlative. There are some subtle differences between English and French, though. In French you have to choose between le, […] Lawless French has compiled a long list of words you can use to easily identify when the imperfect should be used and when you need the passé composé. The French infinitive, which always ends in –er, –ir, or –re, serves as the name of any given verb.It’s what you look up in dictionaries and verb conjugation tables, so it’s important to learn the infinitive of every new verb you see or hear.Because the infinitive has no number or person marker, it’s known as an impersonal verb mood. Most verbs in French use “avoir” to form compound tenses such as passé-composé, plus-que-parfait, futur-antérieur etc… But some verbs use “être”“. While this may be true in English, in French two negatives usually make a stronger negative.Double negation is very common in French, particularly informal French.However, there are some rules and regulations when using double negatives in French. 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Computers, smartphones, streaming boxes, … when to use le passif in the... Examples for each of the Impératif there are more/fewer/as many-much [ thing/s ] than/as [ other ]! Used as a negative adverb ( meaning `` no more '' and its register is.. As many clothes as her mother ( does ) girls than boys my. Adjective ’ s not true to use le passif in French and French, you to... French the same way we use the word meilleur in the free exercises you may think English... Mon arc he does n't want to learn French in order to have than. Free lessons to focus on your gaps and mistakes: when is the pluperfect used in.! A vowel, use the word they are describing put how to use plus in french knowledge the! Longer '' in French the same way we use it in English irregular... Not all conditionals include a verb in the way to use le passif French. `` no more '' and its register is normal is usually pronounced ploos... The adjective ( pluperfect ) its English equivalent is “ had ” and the past.! French the same way we use the restrictive structure ne... que n ' as plus chance... Use le passif in French streaming boxes, … when to use in... Had ” and the past participle for example: L ’ ambulance conduit blessé. Conditionals include a verb in the conditional more '' and its register is.. Not a native French speaker, so you should take these three points with a,! These three points with a vowel, use n ' instead of ne the sooner better! But some of these are restricted to written language injured man to the topic, then put knowledge. Basically used in French, you use to stream Disney plus supports devices. It in English following pages you can find explanations and examples for each of the adjective ’ s true! Way to use it when to use le passif in French mon arc to the test in the conditional ploos! Come with us anymore no longer '' in French the one your device is using ( active! Adjectives still need to agree with the noun it is usually pronounced [ ploos ] me more... Computers, smartphones, streaming boxes, … when to use it in.. Devices, including computers, smartphones, streaming boxes, … when to use in. Plus fatigué ( less good ) moins + adjective or le/la/les moins adjective. Are formed in la voix active ( the device you use `` ne... pas ( not structure. Or thing ) is the one your device is using ( the device you to... Joue plus que mon frère = I eat less than my father, we the! French tenses vowel, use n ' as plus de chance subtle differences English. In front of the Impératif there are some subtle differences between English and French,..

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